Diverticulitis is a disorder made up of diverticula which are small bulges or pouches formed in the colons mucosa layer of the esophagus, small intestines, and large intestines. When these diverticula get infected or inflamed its called diverticulitis.
Diverticula occur mostly in the large intestine. While Doctors are not sure why these pouches formed or get inflamed or infected, its believed its due to a response on weak spots of the digestive track walls. Inflammation may happen when fecal matter gets trapped inside of the diverticula or if a pouch opening becomes blocked and cutting off blood supply; these would both cause irritation.
Symptoms of diverticulitis included:
- Sudden, sharp pain on the left of the abdomen. This can start mildly and increase over a few days.
- Change in bowel regulation
- Tenderness on the inside of the abdomen when apply pressure from the outside.
Treatment for mild cases include a change in diet and antibiotics when it becomes inflamed. There are certain foods they cannot eat like seeds, nuts or anything that may be able to easily get stuck in one of the diverticula openings.
More severe cases may long term lead to bowel obstruction, perforation of the colon, abscess or fistulas. This may require hospitalization and/or removal of a portion of the intestine..