Crohns disease is classified within the autoimmune diseases. These types of diseases develop when your immune system starts attacking health cells. Crohns disease is a gastrointestinal condition and can happen anyone where in your system from your mouth to your anus. Autoimmune diseases cause inflammation due when your body is basically producing antibodies that work against itself.
There is not any specific issue that causes crohns disease, there is just something in your system that causes your immune system to overreact. Some of the various considerations are bacteria, something your own intestines or genetics. Crohns disease will be come inflamed and then there will be periods where it will be in remission.
Symptoms of Chrohn’s disease include:
- Persistent Diarrhea
- Rectal bleeding
- Urgent need to move bowels
- Abdominal cramps and pain
- Sensation of incomplete evacuation
- Constipation (can lead to bowel obstruction)
General symptoms that may also be associated with Crohn’s disease include:
- Loss of appetite
- Weight Loss
- Night sweats
- Loss of normal menstrual cycle
Crohns disease is commonly connected with ulcerative colitis but they are two very distinctive diseases.
- Inflammation. Inflammation may be confined to the bowel wall, which can lead to scarring and narrowing, or may spread through the bowel wall.
- Bowel obstruction. Crohn’s disease affects the thickness of the intestinal wall. This can cause over time the bowel can thicken and narrow, which can block the flow of material.
- Ulcers. Chronic inflammation can lead to open sores anywhere in your digestive tract, including your mouth and anus, and in the genital area.
- Fistulas. When an ulcer extends through out the entire intestinal wall it can create a fistula. This is basically an abnormal connection between internal body parts. Fistulas can develop between your intestine and skin, or between your intestine and another organ.
- Anal fissure. This is a small tear in the tissue that lines the anus or in the skin around the anus where infections can occur. It’s often associated with painful bowel movements and may lead to a anal fistulas.
- Malnutrition. Diarrhea, abdominal pain and cramping may make it difficult for you to eat or absorb enough nutrients to keep you nourished.
- Colon cancer. Having Crohn’s disease that affects your colon increases your risk of colon cancer.
- Medication risks. Certain Crohn’s disease drugs that act by blocking functions of the immune system are associated with a small risk of developing cancers such as lymphoma and skin cancers.
Long term treatments for Crohn’s disease include medications, nutritional supplementation and surgery. For a period of time it will be about managing symptoms, and trying to keep your system from relapsing. There are medications for anti-diarrhea, control inflammation, reduce spasms and whatever combination keeps the disease in remission will have to be taken long term..